Views:19 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-12-23 Origin:Site
In the process of patients' rehabilitation, wheelchair is a very widely used tool, such as lower limb disability, hemiplegia, paraplegia under the chest and the disabled are very suitable. Do you have a comprehensive understanding of wheelchair selection and use? Now the manufacturer of FOCARE wheelchair will share with you the knowledge of wheelchair use!
Measure the distance between two buttocks or between two strands when sitting down, and add 5cm, that is, there are 2.5cm gaps on both sides after sitting down. The seat is too narrow, it is difficult to get up and down the wheelchair, the hip and thigh tissues are compressed; the seat is too wide, it is not easy to sit stably, it is not convenient to operate the wheelchair, the upper limbs are easy to fatigue, and it is difficult to get in and out of the gate.
Measure the horizontal distance from hip to calf gastrocnemius when sitting down, and reduce the measurement result by 6.5cm. The seat is too short, and the weight mainly falls on the ischium, which is easy to be pressed too much locally; the seat is too long, which will compress the carmine fossa, affect the local blood circulation, and easily stimulate the skin of this part. For patients with extremely short thigh or hip knee flexion contracture, it is better to use the short seat.
Measure the distance from the heel (or heel) to the rouge socket when sitting down, add 4cm, and place the foot pedal at least 5cm above the ground. The seat is too high, the wheelchair can not enter the table; the seat is too low, and the sitting bone bears too much weight.
In order to be comfortable and prevent pressure sore, the seat cushion should be placed on the seat, and foam rubber (5-10cm thick) or gel pad can be used. To prevent the seat from sinking, a 0.6cm thick plywood can be placed under the seat cushion.
The higher and more stable the backrest, the lower the backrest, the greater the range of motion of the upper body and upper limbs. The so-called low backrest is to measure the distance from the seat surface to the armpit (one arm or two arms extend forward flat), and subtract 10cm from this result. High backrest: measure the actual height from the seat surface to the shoulder or rear pillow.
When sitting down, the upper arm shall be vertical and the forearm shall be placed on the armrest. Measure the height from the chair surface to the lower edge of the forearm, plus 2.5cm. Proper armrest height helps to maintain correct body posture and balance, and enables the upper limbs to be placed in a comfortable position. The handrail is too high, and the upper arm is forced to lift, which is prone to fatigue. If the armrest is too low, you need to lean forward to maintain balance. It is not only easy to fatigue, but also may affect breathing.
The above is the wheelchair use knowledge compiled by FOCARE for you, hoping to help you.